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Наконечник стрелы на пластине, кремень, мезолит Сахары
Neolithic 43mm
Width: 19mm
Material: Flint
Colour: Purple / Grey
Type: Bi-Face with Tang
Age: 4000BC
Area: Sahara

The majority of flints on the market today were found in North West Africa. This is not a reflection on the density of usage of these items but more a reflection of the areas current climate - being very arid it makes it easier to find these items.

The Sahara is the world's largest hot desert, over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), almost as large as the United States. The Sahara is located in northern Africa and is 2.5 million years old. Its name, Sahara, is an English pronunciation of the word for desert in Arabic.

The boundaries of the Sahara are the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea on the north, the Red Sea and Egypt on the east, and the Sudan and the valley of the Niger River on the south. The Sahara is divided into western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains (a region of desert mountains and high plateaus), Tenere desert and the Libyan desert (the most arid region). The highest peak in the Sahara is Emi Koussi (3415 m) in the Tibesti Mountains in northern Chad.

The Sahara divides the continent of Africa into North and Sub-Saharan Africa. The southern border of the Sahara is marked by a band of semiarid savanna called the Sahel; south of the Sahel lies the lusher Sudan and the Congo River Basin.

During the Late Neolithic period (approx 4000BC – 2000BC) the Sahara had a much wetter climate (sometimes known as the Aqualithic) and was akin to modern day North America.

Arrowheads are typically collected and traded by the local nomadic peoples of the Sahara, they find them as the sand dunes move and they travel around seasonally grazing their herds. Finding and collecting items such as these provides them with a reasonable, stable income.


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